Dairy farming is the dominant activity of the crop-livestock integrated farming practice among smallholder farmers in Nepal, with 80% of farm households rearing dairy animals (cows and buffaloes).  In addition, the sector is the largest contributor of the livestock sector to Nepal’s agricultural GDP.

However, its growth rate is patchy compared to cash crops and industrial crops in the country. Poor status of the use of productivity enhancing products and services (e.g. breeding, veterinary and feeding) and lack of functioning market constrain productivity and growth.  Furthermore, the high degree of informality means that public and private sector investment is a challenge.

Samarth-NMDP aims to address the issue of low-input-low-output economy to which smallholder dairy farmers are trapped in. The project is actively working with different players in the market to strengthen the supply chain of milk by embedding different productivity enhancing services like forage input supply and animal health services; improving management information systems and quality management; and increasing the diversity of dairy products produced and marketed.

Current Interventions

1. Organize Raw Milk Supply Chain

2. Improve Access to Forage Inputs

3. Improve Production and Marketing of Dairy Products

4. Management Informaion Systems Development

Related Resources

July 26, 2017

Better feeding practices with the use of adequate nutritious green forage for dairy animals have been recommended by experts as a solution to the poor productivity of the dairy farming businesses in Nepal. 

As part of Dairy project’s “Increase Access to Forage Inputs” intervention, Samarth-NMDP has been working with Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC) - Pasture and Fodder Division (PFD) to address legal and technical barriers for commercialization and promotion of forage based dairy production

March 08, 2017

An insight into the work Samarth-NMDP has done to improve productivity and marketing of the dairy sector through the diversification of milk products and creation of consumer-market linkages.

November 03, 2016

Impacts of poor quality of raw milk are reflected in short shelf-life of processed products, limited range of finished dairy products in the market, reduced opportunity to supply milk in export markets, and additional costs incurred in food preparation which is borne by the processors and the consumers. In order to address the above-mentioned constraints, Samarth-NMDP is building the capacity of the stakeholders to improve the quality standards of raw milk through an action research on the raw milk supply chain in six pilot sites.

June 21, 2016

As part of Samarth-NMDP’s ongoing ‘Enhancing Quality Standard of Raw Milk’ intervention in the dairy sector, it is currently working with dairy stakeholders such as dairy associations, dairy cooperatives and its chilling centers, and the Department of Livestock Services (DLS) to improve the quality of raw milk. Four ToTs were organized to train 90 nominees from milk collection/chilling centres in May 2016 in the selected GMP pilot sites. Click the button below to read more:

April 21, 2016

A study on raw milk supply chain, supported by Samarth-NMDP and conducted by Dairy Industry Association (DIA) and Central Dairy Cooperative Association Nepal (CDCAN), confirmed the need for improvement in the quality of raw milk for the commercialization/industrialization of the dairy sector. Key stakeholders of the sector were unanimous on the necessity of Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) across the entire value chain of milk production as a prerequisite to maintain the quality of milk.